Passover

Jewish Ministry

Passover

Passover is the holy day that celebrates Israel’s deliverance from Egyptian bondage and her exodus. Egypt had enslaved the nation of Israel for 400 years. Then, God called to Moses from a burning bush. He told Moses to tell Pharaoh, “Let my people go that they may worship me.” Pharaoh refused and God turned the Nile River into blood.

After the Nile was turned to blood Pharaoh refused to repent. So, God sent a second plague of frogs, a third plague of gnats, and a fourth plague of stinging horseflies. With the ninth plague, the sun did not shine for three days. Consequently, Pharaoh told Moses he would die if he appeared before Pharaoh again. That was the event that brought the final plague.

After that ninth plague, God told the Israelites to sacrifice a lamb. They were to apply the lamb’s blood to the door of their houses. The blood was applied to the two side posts and the upper frame of the door—in the form of a cross.

That night the Lord “passed over” Egypt. This is where the word “Passover” comes from. Every house that was marked by the blood of the lamb was safe. Any house that was not marked by blood suffered the tenth plague. In those houses the firstborn son died. That tenth plague humbled Pharaoh and he let the Jews go free. That was the 14th day of the first month on the Jewish calendar, which usually falls in April.

About 1,500 years after Moses, Jesus ate His Last Supper with His disciples. It was Passover—the 14th day of the first month on the Jewish calendar. Jesus used the traditional matzah (unleavened) bread of Passover and the Passover cup to establish communion. Every time we receive communion we are following Jesus’ example.

After He finished His Last Supper, He left the Upper Room and was arrested and crucified. He actually died on Passover.

In Moses’s day, the firstborn of Egypt died on Passover while the firstborn of Israel was protected. In Jesus’ day, the Firstborn of God died on Passover so that you would be protected.

At His Last Supper, Jesus drank from the Passover cup. Then He told them, “I will not drink of this fruit of the vine from now on until that day when I drink it new with you in My Father’s kingdom.” He said that He would celebrate the Passover by drinking from the Passover cup with His followers when the kingdom comes. So, Passover points us back to Jesus’ death on the cross, but it also points us forward to the Second Coming. The Apostle Paul explained communion similarly: “As often as you eat this bread and drink this cup, you proclaim the Lord’s death till He comes” (1 Corinthians 11:26).

We remember Passover through a Passover Seder. (The word seder means “ordered.”) The order of the Passover Seder meal is found in the Haggadah (which means “telling”). The Haggadah is the book that tells us how to have a Seder.

There are many good messianic Haggadahs available. One popular Haggadah is called Christ in the Passover by Moishe Rosen. It is available on Amazon. Digital Haggadahs can also be found online.